RADIO KOSMOS CHILE

RADIO KOSMOS CHILE

7/17/2009

21 de JULIO de 1969:"UN PEQUEÑO PASO PARA UN HOMBRE, UN GRAN SALTO PARA LA HUMANIDAD"...


Un homenaje de Radio Kosmos Chile a la misión en el espacio exterior y alunizaje en el sátelite natural de nuestro planeta.







LUGARES DE ALUNIZAJE DE LAS MISIONES APOLO


Foto-mapa de Google realizado con imágenes de la NASA.

A: Apolo 11 - Mar de la Tranquilidad.

B: Apolo 12 - Océano Proceloso.

C: Apolo 14 - Océano Proceloso - Fra Mauro

D: Apolo 15 - Mar Imbrium, Quebrada de Hadley

E: Apolo 16 - Meseta Descartes

F: Apolo 17 - Taurus-Littrow (Mar de la Tranquilidad).

MISIONES TRIPULADAS DEL PROYECTO APOLO


Lanzados desde:
Centro espacial John F. Kennedy de la NASA, en Florida.
 
Apolo 7
 
Saturn 1B
October 11-22, 1968
Walter M. Schirra, Jr.
Donn F. Eisele
R. Walter Cunningham
10 days, 20 hours
163 Earth orbits. First manned CSM operations in
lunar landing program. First live TV from manned
Spacecraft.
 
Apolo 8, Primeros en llegar a la Luna

Saturn V
December 21-27, 1968
Frank Borman
James A. Lovell, Jr.
William A. Anders
06 days, 03 hours
In lunar orbit 20 hours, with 10 orbits. First
manned lunar orbital mission. Support facilities
tested. Photographs taken of Earth and Moon.
Live TV broadcasts.
 
Apolo 9
 
Gumdrop and Spider
Saturn V
March 03-13, 1969
James A. McDivitt
David R. Scott
Russell L. Schweickart
10 days, 01 hour
First manned flight of all lunar hardware in
Earth orbit. Schweickark performed 37 minutes
EVA. Human reactions to space and weightlessness
tested in 152 orbits. First manned flight of
lunar module.
 
Apolo 10 Charlie Brown and Snoopy
 
Saturn V
May 18-26, 1969
Eugene A. Cernan
John W. Young
Thomas P. Stafford
08 days, 03 minutes
Dress rehearsal for Moon landing. First manned
CSM/LM operations in cislunar and lunar environ-
ment; simulation of first lunar landing profile.
In lunar orbit 61.6 hours, with 31 orbits. LM
taken to within 15,243 m (50,000 ft) of lunar
surface. First live color TV from space. LM
ascent stage jettisoned in orbit.
 
Apolo 11, Primeros en descender en otro mundo
 
Columbia and Eagle
Saturn V
July 16-24, 1969
Neil A. Armstrong
Michael Collins
Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr.
08 days, 03 hours, 18 minutes
First manned lunar landing mission and lunar
surface EVA. "HOUSTON, TRANQUILITY BASE HERE.
THE EAGLE HAS LANDED."--July 20,
Landing site: Sea of Tranquility.
Landing Coordinates:  0.71 degrees North, 23.63 degrees East
1 EVA of 02 hours, 31 minutes. Flag and in-
struments deployed; unveiled plaque on the
LM descent stage with inscription: "Here Men
From Planet Earth First Set Foot Upon the Moon.
July 1969 A.D. We Came In Peace For All
Mankind." Lunar surface stay time 21.6 hours;
59.5 hours in lunar orbit, with 30 orbits. LM
ascent stage left in lunar orbit. 20kg (44 lbs)
of material gathered.
 
Apolo 12

Yankee Clipper e Intrepid
Saturn V
November 14-24, 1969
Charles Conrad, Jr.
Richard F. Gordon, Jr.
Alan L. Bean
10 days, 04 hours, 36 minutes
Landing site: Ocean of Storms.
3.04 degrees South, 23.42 degrees West
Retrieved parts of the unmanned Surveyor 3, which had 
landed on the Moon in April 1967. Apollo Lunar Surface
Experiments Package (ALSEP) deployed. Lunar
surface stay-time, 31.5 hours; in lunar orbit
89 hours, with 45 orbits. LM descent stage
impacted on Moon. 34kg (75 lbs) of material
gathered.
 
Apolo 13

Odyssey and Aquarius
Saturn V
April 11-17, 1970
James A. Lovell, Jr.
John L. Swigert, Jr.
Fred W. Haise, Jr.
05 days, 22.9 hours
Third lunar landing attempt. Mission aborted
after rupture of service module oxygen tank.
Classed as "successful failure" because of
experience in rescuing crew. Spent upper stage
successfully impacted on the Moon.
 
Apolo 14
 
Kitty Hawk and Antares
Saturn V
January 31-Febraury 09, 1971
Alan B. Shepard, Jr.
Stuart A. Roosa
Edgar D. Mitchell
09 days
Landing site: Fra Mauro. 
Landing Coordinates: 3.65 degrees south, 17.48 degrees West
ALSEP and other instruments deployed. Lunar surface 
stay-time, 33.5 hours; 67 hours in lunar orbit, with 34
orbits. 2 EVAs of 09 hours, 25 minutes. Third
stage impacted on Moon. 42 kg (94 lbs) of
materials gathered, using hand cart for first
time to transport rocks.
 
Apolo 15

Endeavor and Falcon
Saturn V
July 26-August 07, 1971
David R. Scott
James B. Irwin
Alfred M. Worden
12 days, 17 hours, 12 minutes
Landing site: Hadley-Apennine region near
Apennine Mountains.
Landing Coordinates: 26.08 degrees North, 3.66 degrees East
3 EVAs of 10 hours, 36 minutes. 
Worden performed 38 minutes EVA on
way back to Earth. First to carry orbital
sensors in service module of CSM. ALSEP de-
ployed. Scientific payload landed on Moon
doubled. Improved spacesuits gave increased
mobility and stay-time. Lunar surface stay-
time, 66.9 hours. Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV),
electric-powered, 4-wheel drive car, traversed
total 27.9 km (17 mi). In lunar orbit 145 hours,
with 74 orbits. Small sub-satellite left in
lunar orbit for first time. 6.6 kgs (169 lbs) of
material gathered.
 
Apolo 16

Casper and Orion
Saturn V
April 16-27, 1972
John W. Young
Thomas K. Mattingly II
Charles M. Duke, Jr.
11 days, 01 hour, 51 minutes
Landing site: Descartes Highlands. 
Landing Coordinates:  8.97 degrees South, 15.51 degrees East

First study of highlands area. Selected surface experiments

deployed, ultraviolet camera/spectrograph used
for first time on Moon, and LRV used for second
time. Lunar surface stay-time, 71 hours; in
lunar orbit 126 hours, with 64 orbits. Mattingly
performed 01 hour in-flight EVA. 95.8 kg
(213 lbs) of lunar samples collected.
 
Apolo 17, La última misión.
 
America and Challenger
Saturno V
05:33:00 TU el 7 de Diciembre, 1972 
(11:33:00 p.m. CST del 6 Dic. 1972).
Duración: 12,6 días
En la superficie lunar: 75 horas
La tripulación:
Eugene A. Cernan, Comandante
Ronald E. Evans, Piloto Módulo de Comando 
Harrison H. Schmitt, Piloto Módulo Lunar
Landing site:
Taurus-Littrow, highlands and valley area. 
Landing Coordinates:  20.16 degrees North, 30.77 degrees East
3 EVAs of 22 hours, 04 minutes. Evans performed
trans-Earth EVA lasting 01 hour 06 minutes.
First scientist-astronaut to land on Moon,
Schmitt. Sixth automated research station set
up.  LRV traverse total 30.5 km. Lunar surface
stay-time, 75 hours. In lunar orbit 17 hours.

110.4 kg (243 lbs) of material gathered.